New Orleans is a consolidated city-parish located along the Mississippi River in the southeastern area of the U.S. state of Louisiana. With an estimated population of 391,006 in 2018, it is the most populous city in Louisiana. Serving as a main port, New Orleans is considered an financial and commercial hub for the broader Gulf Coast area of the United States.
New Orleans is world-renowned for its distinct music, Creole cuisine, exclusive dialect, new orleans escorts and its annual celebrations and festivals, most notably Mardi Gras. The historic heart of the city is the French Quarter, identified for its French and Spanish Creole architecture and vibrant nightlife along Bourbon Street. The city has been described as the “most exclusive” in the United States, owing in big component to its cross-cultural and multilingual heritage. Founded in 1718 by French colonists, New Orleans was after the territorial capital of French Louisiana ahead of becoming traded to the United States in the Louisiana Acquire of 1803. New Orleans in 1840 was the third-most populous city in the United States, and it was the largest city in the American South from the Antebellum era until following Planet War II. The city’s spot and flat elevation have historically created it extremely vulnerable to flooding. State and federal authorities have set up a complicated technique of levees and drainage pumps in an work to defend the city.
New Orleans was severely affected by Hurricane Katrina on August 29, 2005, which resulted in flooding a lot more than 80% of the city, thousands of deaths, and so considerably displacement since of damaged communities and misplaced housing as to result in a population decline of more than 50%. Since Katrina, main redevelopment efforts have led to a rebound in the city’s population. Issues about gentrification, new residents purchasing residence in formerly closely knit communities, and displacement of longtime residents have been expressed.
The city and Orleans Parish (French: paroisse d’Orléans) are coterminous. As of 2017, Orleans Parish is the third most-populous parish in Louisiana, behind East Baton Rouge Parish and neighboring Jefferson Parish. The city and parish are bounded by St. Tammany Parish and Lake Pontchartrain to the north, St. Bernard Parish and Lake Borgne to the east, Plaquemines Parish to the south, and Jefferson Parish to the south and west.