Phoenix is the capital and most populous city in Arizona, with 1,660,272 folks (as of 2018). It is also the fifth most populous city in the United States, and the only state capital with a population of more than 1 million residents.
Phoenix is the anchor of the Phoenix metropolitan region, also identified as the Valley of the Sun, which in turn is element of the Salt River Valley. The metropolitan region is the 11th largest by population in the United States, with approximately 4.73 million folks as of 2017. Phoenix is the seat of Maricopa County and the largest city in the state at 517.9 square miles (1,341 km2), more than twice the size of Tucson and 1 of the largest cities in the United States.
Phoenix was settled in 1867 as an agricultural community close to the confluence of the Salt and Gila Rivers and was incorporated as a city in 1881. It became the capital of Arizona Territory in 1889. It is in the northeastern reaches of the Sonoran Desert and has a hot desert climate. Regardless of this, its canal system led to a thriving farming community with the unique settler’s crops remaining essential parts of the Phoenix economic system for decades, this kind of as alfalfa, cotton, citrus, phoenix escorts and hay. Cotton, cattle, citrus, climate, and copper had been identified locally as the “Five C’s” anchoring Phoenix’s economic system. These remained the driving forces of the city right up until following World War II, when higher-tech firms began to move into the valley and air conditioning produced Phoenix’s hot summers more bearable.
The city averaged a 4 % yearly population development rate over a forty–yr time period from the mid-1960s to the mid-2000s. This development rate slowed during the Fantastic Economic downturn of 2007–09, and has rebounded gradually. Phoenix is the cultural center of the state of Arizona.